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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Andrew GuerinORCiD,
Professor Tony Clare
This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Taylor & Francis, 2018.
For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
© 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.It is widely recognised that findings from experimental studies should be replicated before their conclusions are accepted as definitive. In many research areas, synthesis of results from multiple studies is carried out via systematic review and meta-analysis. Some fields are also moving away from null hypothesis significance testing, which uses p values to identify ‘significant’ effects, towards an estimation approach concerned with effect sizes and confidence intervals. This review argues that these techniques are underused in biofouling and antifouling (AF) research and discusses potential benefits of their adoption. They enable comparison of test surfaces even when these are not tested simultaneously, and allow results from repeated tests on the same surfaces to be combined. They also enable the use of published data to explore effects of different variables on the functioning of AF surfaces. AF researchers should consider using these approaches and reporting results in ways that facilitate future research syntheses.
Author(s): Guerin AJ, Clare AS
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Online publication date: 13/02/2019
Acceptance date: 14/11/2018
Date deposited: 14/11/2018
ISSN (print): 0892-7014
ISSN (electronic): 1029-2454
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
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