Lookup NU author(s): Dr Richard Law,
Dr David Reay
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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Economic growth and ecological problems motivate industries to apply eco-friendly technologies and equipment. However, environmental impact, followed by energy and material consumption still remain the main negative implications of the technological progress in process engineering. Based on extensive patent analysis, this paper assigns more than 250 identified eco-innovation problems and requirements to 14 general eco-categories with energy consumption and losses, air pollution, and acidification as top issues. It defines primary eco-engineering contradictions, in case eco-problems appear as negative side effects of the new technologies, and secondary eco-engineering contradictions, if eco-friendly solutions have new environmental drawbacks. The study conceptualizes a correlation matrix between the eco-requirements for prediction of typical eco-contradictions on example of processes involving solids handling. Finally, it summarizes major eco-innovation approaches including Process Intensification in process engineering, and chronologically reviews 66 papers on eco-innovation adapting TRIZ methodology. Based on analysis of 100 eco-patents, 58 process intensification technologies, and literature, the study identifies 20 universal TRIZ inventive principles and sub-principles that have a higher value for environmental innovation. The presented research work belongs to the European project “Intensified by Design platform for the intensification of processes involving solids handling” (IbD, http://ibd-project.eu), funded by the European Commission under the Horizon 2020 SPIRE programme.
Author(s): Livotov P, Chandra Sekaran AP, Mas'udah, Law R, Reay D, Sarsenova A, Sayyareh S
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Thermal Science and Engineering Progress
Print publication date: 01/03/2019
Online publication date: 23/10/2018
Acceptance date: 22/10/2018
ISSN (electronic): 2451-9049
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
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