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Early-Medium-Term Outcomes of Primary Focal Cryotherapy to Treat Nonmetastatic Clinically Significant Prostate Cancer from a Prospective Multicentre Registry

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Stuart McCracken


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© 2018 European Association of Urology Background: Focal cryotherapy can be used to treat patients with clinically significant nonmetastatic prostate cancer to reduce side effects. Objective: Early-medium-term cancer control and functional outcomes. Design, setting, and participants: A prospective registry-based case series of 122 consecutive patients undergoing focal cryotherapy between October 1, 2013, and November 30, 2016, in five UK centres. Median follow-up was 27.8 mo [interquartile range (IQR) 19.5–36.7]. A total of 35 patients (28.7%) had National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) high risk and 87 (71.3%) had intermediate risk disease. Risk and zonal stratification included multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) with targeted and systematic biopsies, or transperineal mapping biopsies. Intervention: Focal cryoablation of MR-visible tumours. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: Follow-up involved prostate-specific antigen (PSA) monitoring, mpMRI, and for-cause biopsies. Primary outcome was failure-free survival (FFS), defined as transition to radical, whole-gland, or systemic therapy, or metastases/death. Secondary outcomes included adverse events and functional outcomes. Results and limitations: A total of 80 (65.6%) had anterior ablation, 23 (19.7%) combined posterior and anterior ablation, and two (1.6%) posterior ablation alone (SeedNet or Visual-ICE, BTG plc). Median age was 68.7 yr (IQR 64.9–73.8) and preoperative PSA 10.8 ng/ml (IQR 7.8–15.6). Overall FFS at 3 yr was 90.5% [95% confidence interval (CI) 84.2–97.3]. When stratified for the NCCN risk group, 3-yr outcomes were 84.7% (95% CI 71.4–100) in high risk and 93.3% (95% CI 86.8–100) in intermediate risk. At last follow-up, incontinence defined as any pad use was 0/69 (0%) and erectile dysfunction (defined as erections insufficient for penetration) was 5/31 (16.1%). Limitations include lack of long-term outcomes. Conclusions: Focal cryotherapy primarily for anterior intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer results in good rates of cancer control and low rates of treatment-related side effects. Patient summary: In this multicentre study of 122 patients undergoing focal cryotherapy for medium- to high-risk prostate cancer, at 3 yr, no patient died from their cancer whilst failure-free survival, was approximately 90%. None of the patients needed pads for managing urine leakage, although 16% had erection problems. © 2018 European Association of Urology Focal cryotherapy used primarily for anterior intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer results in good rates of cancer control and low rates of treatment-related side effects in the medium term.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Shah TT, Peters M, Eldred-Evans D, Miah S, Yap T, Faure-Walker NA, Hosking-Jervis F, Thomas B, Dudderidge T, Hindley RG, McCracken S, Greene D, Nigam R, Valerio M, Minhas S, Winkler M, Arya M, Ahmed HU

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Urology

Year: 2019

Volume: 76

Issue: 1

Pages: 98-105

Print publication date: 01/07/2019

Online publication date: 09/01/2019

Acceptance date: 18/12/2018

ISSN (print): 0302-2838

ISSN (electronic): 1873-7560

Publisher: Elsevier BV


DOI: 10.1016/j.eururo.2018.12.030


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