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Force Testing of Explanted Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Simon Smith, Professor Tom Joyce



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2019.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


STUDY DESIGN: Laboratory analysis of explanted MAGnetic Expansion Control (MAGEC) growing rods. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the force produced by explanted MAGEC rods compared with new rods and assess the influence of clinical variables. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: MAGEC rods are increasingly used in early-onset scoliosis. Some data are available describing the structure of explanted MAGEC rods, but to date, no study has assessed their function. METHODS: Explanted MAGEC rods were received from seven UK and one Danish center. The force produced by explanted rods on activation with the external remote controller was measured using a dedicated jig. Forces were compared with two unused rods as well as the manufacturer's defined standard (42 Ibf). Clinical variables were collected from contributing centers where possible and correlated with the force measurements. RESULTS: Forty-five MAGEC rods from 25 cases were received for analysis. The mean age at insertion was 8.6 years and rods were in vivo for a mean of 2.7 years in predominantly dual rod constructs. Two unused MAGEC rods produced a mean force of 45.3 (0.25) and 50.2 (1.4) Ibf, above the manufacturer's stated standard. Of the 45 explanted rods, 10 (22%) produced force greater or equal to manufacturer's standard, mean 46.7 (2.7) Ibf. Six rods (13%) produced some force but less than the manufacturer's standard, mean 34.8 (3.6) Ibf. Twenty-nine rods (64%) produced no force. The duration the rods were in vivo was significantly negatively correlated with the force produced on testing (r = -0.63, P < 0.005). Of the 12 rods implanted longer than 38 months, none produced any force. CONCLUSION: This is the first study of the force, and hence likely function, of explanted MAGEC rods. The majority of explanted rods produced no force, while others produced reduced force. These findings raise questions regarding the longevity of the implant and further clinical outcome studies are recommended.4.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Rushton PRP, Smith SL, Forbes L, Bowey AJ, Gibson MJ, Joyce TJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Spine

Year: 2019

Volume: 44

Issue: 4

Pages: 233-239

Online publication date: 15/02/2019

Acceptance date: 03/07/2018

Date deposited: 20/03/2019

ISSN (print): 1528-1159

ISSN (electronic): 0362-2436

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins


DOI: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002806

PubMed id: 30044365


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