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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Daniel Duncan
This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Cambridge University Press, 2019.
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The distances between urban and suburban spaces, while small in Euclidean terms,have a rather large social reality. This paper calls attention to two reasons for this—suburbandevelopment and metropolitan fragmentation—and situates these phenomena within thecontext of sociological and historical thought about metropolitan areas. I test their role inlinguistic variation through a case study of three Northern Cities Shift features (raised TRAP,fronted LOT, and lowered THOUGHT) in English of the St. Louis metropolitan area. I show thatthese features diffused throughout the region in three different ways. Additionally,phonological conditioning of LOT-fronting differs between urban and suburban speakers, andretreat from urban dialect features is led in the suburbs. These findings highlight the need toconsider the geography of metropolitan areas more deeply in studies of language variationand change in metropolitan areas, as similarity across a metropolitan area should not beassumed a priori.
Author(s): Duncan D
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Linguistic Geography
Online publication date: 07/11/2019
Acceptance date: 18/02/2019
Date deposited: 19/02/2019
ISSN (print): 2049-7547
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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