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Biofuel as an alternative shipping fuel: technological, environmental and economic assessment

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Kayvan Pazouki, Dr Alan J Murphy



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Royal Society of Chemistry, 2019.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


Fossil derived fuels available for application within the maritime sector have been dominated by heavy fuel oil (HFO), which is conventionally used in low speed (main) engines, and more refined fuels such as marine diesel oil (MDO), which is consumed in fast or medium speed engines. However, increasing fuel costs and regulatory pressure such as the restrictions placed on sulphur content have increased interest in the use of alternative fuels. A number of alternative fuels have been identified and may be viable for use within the maritime sector including straight vegetable oil (SVO) as an alternative to HFO in low speed engines, biodiesel to replace MDO/MGO in low to medium speed engines and bio-liquefied natural gas (bio-LNG) in gas engines using LNG. The potential sources of biomass feedstocks, conversion pathways and technologies are identified. The key parameters limiting their potential application are examined, in particular, availability, technological development, technical integration, and operational consequences. A proposed solution to overcome these limitations is recommended. The effective implementation of these strategies will enable the more widespread use of biofuels in marine applications, significantly reducing emissions from ships and improving global air quality and also protecting the ecological environment.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Kesieme U, Pazouki K, Murphy AJ, Chrysanthou A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Sustainable Energy & Fuels

Year: 2019

Issue: 4

Pages: 899-909

Print publication date: 01/04/2019

Online publication date: 05/03/2019

Acceptance date: 10/02/2019

Date deposited: 28/03/2019

ISSN (electronic): 2398-4902

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry


DOI: 10.1039/C8SE00466H


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