Browse by author
Lookup NU author(s): Dr Max Robinson,
Professor Philip Sloan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).
© 2019 The Authors. The Journal of Pathology: Clinical Research published by The Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Digital pathology and image analysis potentially provide greater accuracy, reproducibility and standardisation of pathology-based trial entry criteria and endpoints, alongside extracting new insights from both existing and novel features. Image analysis has great potential to identify, extract and quantify features in greater detail in comparison to pathologist assessment, which may produce improved prediction models or perform tasks beyond manual capability. In this article, we provide an overview of the utility of such technologies in clinical trials and provide a discussion of the potential applications, current challenges, limitations and remaining unanswered questions that require addressing prior to routine adoption in such studies. We reiterate the value of central review of pathology in clinical trials, and discuss inherent logistical, cost and performance advantages of using a digital approach. The current and emerging regulatory landscape is outlined. The role of digital platforms and remote learning to improve the training and performance of clinical trial pathologists is discussed. The impact of image analysis on quantitative tissue morphometrics in key areas such as standardisation of immunohistochemical stain interpretation, assessment of tumour cellularity prior to molecular analytical applications and the assessment of novel histological features is described. The standardisation of digital image production, establishment of criteria for digital pathology use in pre-clinical and clinical studies, establishment of performance criteria for image analysis algorithms and liaison with regulatory bodies to facilitate incorporation of image analysis applications into clinical practice are key issues to be addressed to improve digital pathology incorporation into clinical trials.
Author(s): Pell R, Oien K, Robinson M, Pitman H, Rajpoot N, Rittscher J, Snead D, Verrill C, Driskell OJ, Hall A, James J, Jones LJ, Craig C, Sloan P, Thomas GJ, Elliott P, Cheang M, Rodriguez-Justo M, Rees G, Salto-Tellez M, West NP, Mirabile I, Howlett E, Stevenson L, da Silva M, Hartridge-Lambert S, Beecham JM, Traub S, Katugampola S, Blagden S, Morden J
Publication type: Review
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Pathology: Clinical Research
Print publication date: 15/04/2019
Online publication date: 15/02/2019
Acceptance date: 12/02/2019
ISSN (print): 2056-4538
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd