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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Mohammad RajaeifarORCiD
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The aim of this study was to review and assess the different municipal solid waste management (MSW) scenarios using a comparative life cycle assessment approach in Iran. For this purpose, the capital of Iran was selected and five different scenarios including: anaerobic digestion (AD, Sc-0), landfilling combined with composting (Sc-1), incineration (Sc-2), incineration combined with composting (Sc-3), and AD combined with incineration (Sc-4) were taken into consideration. The results obtained showed that the scenarios Sc-3 and Sc-1 led to the most adverse environmental impact in the Human Health and Ecosystem Quality damage categories. In the Climate Change damage category, the scenario Sc-1 resulted in the worst impact while the other scenarios showed improving impacts on this damage category. Also, the scenario Sc-1 had the least helpful effect on the Resources damage category. The overall analysis of different scenarios implied that the scenario Sc-1 was the worst scenario among the studied scenarios. The results also showed that the most eco-friendly scenario to be implemented in the future would be the combination of AD with incineration (Sc-4).
Author(s): Rajaeifar MA, Tabatabaei M, Ghanavati H, Khoshnevisan B
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Print publication date: 01/11/2015
Online publication date: 21/07/2015
Acceptance date: 29/06/2015
ISSN (print): 1364-0321
ISSN (electronic): 1879-0690
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