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Quantification of abnormal QRS peaks predicts response to cardiac resynchronization therapy and tracks structural remodeling

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Moloy Das



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2019 Suszko et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.Background Although QRS duration (QRSd) is an important determinant of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) response, non-responder rates remain high. QRS fragmentation can also reflect electrical dyssynchrony. We hypothesized that quantification of abnormal QRS peaks (QRSp) would predict CRT response. Methods Forty-seven CRT patients (left ventricular ejection fraction = 23±7%) were prospectively studied. Digital 12-lead ECGs were recorded during native rhythm at baseline and 6 months post-CRT. For each precordial lead, QRSp was defined as the total number of peaks detected on the unfiltered QRS minus those detected on a smoothed moving average template QRS. CRT response was defined as >5% increase in left ventricular ejection fraction post-CRT. Results Sixty-percent of patients responded to CRT. Baseline QRSd was similar in CRT responders and non-responders, and did not change post-CRT regardless of response. Baseline QRSp was greater in responders than non-responders (9.1±3.5 vs. 5.9±2.2, p = 0.001) and decreased in responders (9.2±3.6 vs. 7.9±2.8, p = 0.03) but increased in non-responders (5.5±2.3 vs. 7.5±2.8, p = 0.049) post-CRT. In multivariable analysis, QRSp was the only independent predictor of CRT response (Odds Ratio [95% Confidence Interval]: 1.5 [1.1–2.1], p = 0.01). ROC analysis revealed QRSp (area under curve = 0.80) to better discriminate response than QRSd (area under curve = 0.67). Compared to QRSd 150ms, QRSp 7 identified response with similar sensitivity but greater specificity (74 vs. 32%, p<0.05). Amongst patients with QRSd <150ms, more patients with QRSp 7 responded than those with QRSp <7 (75 vs. 0%, p<0.05). Conclusions Our novel automated QRSp metric independently predicts CRT response and decreases in responders. Electrical dyssynchrony assessed by QRSp may improve CRT selection and track structural remodeling, especially in those with QRSd <150ms.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Suszko AM, Nayyar S, Porta-Sanchez A, Das M, Pinter A, Crystal E, Tomlinson G, Dalvi R, Chauhan VS

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: PLoS ONE

Year: 2019

Volume: 14

Issue: 6

Online publication date: 06/06/2019

Acceptance date: 20/05/2019

Date deposited: 18/06/2019

ISSN (electronic): 1932-6203

Publisher: Public Library of Science


DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0217875


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MC 7577