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Investigating manufacturing small and medium-sized enterprises’ immediate response and short-term recovery from flooding using an agent-based approach

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Graham Coates



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, 2019.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


© 2019 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.The predominance and economic significance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) means widespread disruption can have severe financial consequences for a nation. This paper presents an agent-based approach enabling simulations to investigate manufacturing SMEs’ immediate response to and short-term recovery from a flood event to evaluate the effectiveness of combinations of inundation precautions. Manufacturing SME agents exhibit pre- and post-flood behaviours gleaned from interviews with such businesses that have flood experience. Based on a flood event simulated for Sheffield in the UK, results show an individual SME with most precautions implemented in the lightly or moderately flooded area can return to 100% production approximately 7 days earlier than if the least precautions were employed. Further, considering the average short-term recovery of all SMEs with most precautions implemented in the lightly or moderately flooded area, 100% production can be achieved almost 20 days before manufacturers located in the severely flooded area.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Alharbi M, Coates G

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Simulation and Process Modelling

Year: 2019

Volume: 14

Issue: 2

Pages: 87-104

Online publication date: 20/05/2019

Acceptance date: 02/04/2019

Date deposited: 20/06/2019

ISSN (print): 1740-2123

ISSN (electronic): 1740-2131

Publisher: Inderscience Enterprises Ltd


DOI: 10.1504/IJSPM.2019.099901


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