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Navigating procedural ethics and ethics in practice in outdoor studies: an example from sail training

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Eric Fletcher



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Taylor & Francis Online, 2022.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


Researching ethically is an institutional requirement and cornerstone of good everyday practice in conducting research, adopting a mindful consideration for participants and resisting the temptation to use methodological approaches which may exploit participants or their trust in the research process or researcher. In the context of outdoor studies and framed by Kantian ethical and moral principles, this paper describes the procedural ethics of Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) and how our own moral and ethical positioning influences the planning for the opportunities, dilemmas and challenges of fieldwork, shaping the ethics in practice during research and in post-study reporting. From a sail training study, I describe the ethical and methodological dilemmas and the decisions made in respect of audio recording and the use of photo-elicitation; and the sense of uncertainty and unease stimulated by reflective and reflexive practice.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Fletcher E

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning

Year: 2022

Volume: 22

Issue: 1

Pages: 92-100

Online publication date: 24/03/2021

Acceptance date: 04/03/2021

Date deposited: 07/04/2021

ISSN (print): 1472-9679

ISSN (electronic): 1754-0402

Publisher: Taylor & Francis Online


DOI: 10.1080/14729679.2021.1902826


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