Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

A hierarchical mathematical model of the earthquake shelter location-allocation problem solved using an interleaved MPSO–GA

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Graham Coates



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.Earthquake disaster management involves determining locations in which to construct shelters and how to allocate the affected population to them. A multi-objective, hierarchical mathematical model, allied with an interleaved modified particle swarm optimization algorithm and genetic algorithm (MPSO–GA), have been developed to solve the earthquake shelter location-allocation problem. From a set of candidate shelter locations, the model first determines which of these should act as emergency shelters and then which should be used as long-term shelters, while simultaneously optimizing the allocation of a population to them. Damage caused to evacuation routes is considered in addition to the number of evacuees and shelter capacity. In terms of the model’s emergency and long-term shelter stages, the objectives are to minimize (i) total weighted evacuation time, and (ii) total shelter area used. An interleaved MPSO–GA applied to the model yielded better results than achieved using MPSO or GA in isolation. For a case study with an earthquake affecting the area of Jinzhan within Beijing’s Chaoyang district in China, results generated present government with a range of solution options. Thus, based on government preferences, choices can be made regarding the locations in which to construct shelters and how to allocate the population to them.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Zhao X, Coates G, Xu W

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk

Year: 2019

Volume: 10

Issue: 1

Pages: 1712-1737

Online publication date: 01/07/2019

Acceptance date: 09/04/2019

Date deposited: 05/08/2019

ISSN (print): 1947-5705

ISSN (electronic): 1947-5713

Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd.


DOI: 10.1080/19475705.2019.1609605


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Find at Newcastle University icon    Link to this publication