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Criterion of vehicle instability in floodwaters: past, present and future

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Do Kyun Kim


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The stability of vehicles exposed to floodwaters on the roads should not be taken for granted, especially in floodplain areas. When a vehicle in floodwaters becomes unstable, it tends to become buoyant and, eventually, is washed away, putting occupants in extreme danger. Therefore, the characteristics of vehicle instability in floodwaters should be critically understood to prepare safety guidelines. This paper attempts to summarize different vehicle stability studies, which focused on parked vehicles for a range of flood depths, through experimental and theoretical analysis (1967–1993). However, modern vehicle designs mean there are different values for the stability limits under partial or full submergence with different braking conditions, orientations and ground slopes (2010–2017). Since all the reported studies are about static vehicles, this paper attempts to address, for the very first time, vehicles in motion and …

Publication metadata

Author(s): Shah SMH, Mustaffa Z, Martinez-Gomariz E, Kim DK, Yusof KW

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of River Basin Management

Year: 2019

Issue: ePub ahead of Print

Online publication date: 08/01/2019

Acceptance date: 26/11/2018

ISSN (print): 1571-5124

ISSN (electronic): 1814-2060

Publisher: Taylor & Francis


DOI: 10.1080/15715124.2019.1566240


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