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Comparative study of using multi-wall carbon nanotube and two different sizes of cerium oxide nanopowders as fuel additives under various diesel engine conditions

Lookup NU author(s): Zhichao Zhang, Dr Yiji LuORCiD, Yangzihan Wang, Dr Andrew SmallboneORCiD, Chenxuan Dong, Professor Tony Roskilly



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


© 2019 Elsevier LtdThis research reports the study of using Cerium oxide (CeO2) nano additive with two different sizes (25 nm and 50 nm) blended with standard diesel fuel (DF-Ce25 and DF-Ce50) at various engine speed and load conditions. Moreover, carbon nanotube (CNT) is employed as a single additive (DF-CNT). Results indicate that the in-cylinder pressure of DF-CNT is slightly lower than that of DF under the most conditions due to more heat absorption during the evaporation process. In contrast, the in-cylinder pressure of DF-Ce25 and DF-Ce50 is higher than that of DF at relatively low speed due to the improved fuel spray and faster combustion. In terms of emissions, all fuels with nano-additives are overall lower than DF. DF-CNT can reduce CO, HC, NOx and PN by 20%, 22.6%, 21% and 5.5% respectively compared with DF, due to its improved spray and lower combustion temperature. Meanwhile, DF-Ce25 and DF-Ce50 produce the overall higher level of emissions of CO, NOx and HC than DF-CNT except for PN. A minimum engine (load-speed) limit and a maximum engine limit are found for CO emissions. Furthermore, DF-Ce25 emits higher NOx and lower HC than DF-Ce50, because CeO2 of 25 nm has a higher reaction rate of CeO2 due to its larger surface area and in return hinders the reaction of Ce2O3. The difference of PN emissions between the two sizes of CeO2 is the comprehensive result of the oxidization of particulate matters and the aggregation of unburnt fuel.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Zhang Z, Lu Y, Wang Y, Yu X, Smallbone A, Dong C, Roskilly AP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Fuel

Year: 2019

Volume: 256

Print publication date: 15/11/2019

Online publication date: 05/08/2019

Acceptance date: 25/07/2019

Date deposited: 22/10/2019

ISSN (print): 0016-2361

ISSN (electronic): 1873-7153

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2019.115904


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