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Assessing the inhibitory account of retrieval-induced forgetting with implicit-memory tests

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Elaine Perry


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Five experiments examined whether retrieval-induced-forgetting effects are observed for implicit tests of memory. In each experiment participants first studied category-exemplar paired associates, then practiced retrieval for a subset of items from a subset of categories before finally completing memory tests for all the studied items. In standard fashion, inhibition was measured as the performance difference of unpracticed items from practiced categories and unpracticed items from unpracticed categories. Across the 5 experiments poorer performance for unpracticed items was seen in conceptual implicit memory (category generation and category matching) but not in perceptual implicit memory (stem completion, perceptual identification). Thus, retrieval-induced-forgetting effects are limited to tests of conceptual memory.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Perfect TJ, Moulin CJ, Conway MA, Perry E

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition

Year: 2002

Volume: 28

Issue: 6

Pages: 1111-1119

ISSN (print): 0278-7393

ISSN (electronic): 1939-1285

Publisher: American Psychological Association


DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.28.6.1111

Notes: 0278-7393 Journal Article


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