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Rubidium-Containing Calcium Alginate Hydrogel for Antibacterial and Diabetic Skin Wound Healing Applications

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Nicola Hunt

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Abstract

Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society.Rubidium (Rb) is an important microelement for the human body, which can kill and inhibit bacteria. Rubidium-containing polyhydrated ionogens have been applied to treat refractory wounds. In this work, for the first time, Rb was added into calcium alginate hydrogel (Rb-CA gel) and then made into a dressing by freeze-drying. The addition of Rb to CA maintained a well-ordered porous structure with only slightly reduced swelling and storage modulus and increased roughness and in vitro degradation rate. Experiments in vitro demonstrated that Rb-CA gels could not only inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ubiquitous but were nontoxic and even conducive to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), fibroblasts, and keratinocytes. HUVECs exposed to Rb-CA gels exhibited enhanced migration and tubule formation ability, increased vascular endothelial growth factor secretion, and improved activation of the nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2)/heme-oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signaling pathway. Rb-CA gels also promoted the migration of fibroblasts and keratinocytes. In vivo, in a type II diabetic male Sprague-Dawley rat wound model, neovascularization, re-epithelialization, and collagen deposition were all improved greatly by the Rb-CA gel, with the upregulation of NRF2 and HO-1 protein secretion that inhibited the oxidative stress reaction in the wound sites. Moreover, the Rb-CA gel exhibited a strong anti-inflammatory effect on the wound. In summary, the application of Rb-CA gel dressings to diabetic wounds could produce various synergetic enhancements in terms of angiogenesis, re-epithelialization, and collagen deposition. Hence, Rb-CA gels can be used as a novel therapeutic strategy to promote the healing of diabetic wounds.


Publication metadata

Author(s): He X, Ding Y, Xie W, Sun R, Hunt NC, Song J, Sun X, Peng C, Zeng Q, Tan Y, Liu Y

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering

Year: 2019

Volume: 5

Issue: 9

Pages: 4726-4738

Print publication date: 09/09/2019

Online publication date: 15/08/2019

Acceptance date: 15/08/2019

ISSN (electronic): 2373-9878

Publisher: American Chemical Society

URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsbiomaterials.9b00547

DOI: 10.1021/acsbiomaterials.9b00547


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