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The ketimide ligand is not just an inert spectator: Heteroallene insertion reactivity of an actinide-ketimide linkage in a thorium carbene amide ketimide complex

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Erli Lu



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


The ketimide anion R2C-N- is an important class of chemically robust ligand that binds strongly to metal ions and is considered ideal for supporting reactive metal fragments due to its inert spectator nature; this contrasts with R2N- amides that exhibit a wide range of reactivities. Here, we report the synthesis and characterization of a rare example of an actinide ketimide complex [Th(BIPMTMS){N(SiMe 3)2}(N-CPh2)] [2, BIPMTMS=C(PPh 2NSiMe3)2]. Complex 2 contains Th-C carbene, Th-Namide and Th-Nketimide linkages, thereby presenting the opportunity to probe the preferential reactivity of these linkages. Importantly, reactivity studies of 2 with unsaturated substrates shows that insertion reactions occur preferentially at the Th-N ketimide bond rather than at the Th-Ccarbene or Th-N amide bonds. This overturns the established view that metal-ketimide linkages are purely inert spectators. Inert no more: The thorium carbene amide ketimide complex [Th(BIPMTMS){N(SiMe3)2}(N- CPh2)] [BIPMTMS=C(PPh2NSiMe3) 2] features Th-C, Th-Namide, and Th-Nketimide bonds in one molecule. Reactivity studies show that reactions preferentially involve the traditionally inert Th-Nketimide linkage rather than the usually reactive Th-C or Th-Namide bonds, and overturn the established view of ketimides as purely inert spectator ligands. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Lu E, Lewis W, Blake AJ, Liddle ST

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Angewandte Chemie - International Edition

Year: 2014

Volume: 53

Issue: 35

Pages: 9356-9359

Online publication date: 07/07/2014

Acceptance date: 02/06/2014

Date deposited: 02/10/2019

ISSN (print): 1433-7851

ISSN (electronic): 1521-3773

Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag


DOI: 10.1002/anie.201404898


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