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Metalloprotease-Dependent Attenuation of BMP Signaling Restricts Cardiac Neural Crest Cell Fate

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Ralf Kist

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

© 2019 The Author(s)In higher vertebrates, cephalic neural crest cells (NCCs) form craniofacial skeleton by differentiating into chondrocytes and osteoblasts. A subpopulation of cephalic NCCs, cardiac NCCs (CNCCs), migrates to the heart. However, CNCCs mostly do not yield skeletogenic derivatives, and the molecular mechanisms of this fate restriction remain elusive. We identify a disintegrin and metalloprotease 19 (Adam19) as a position-specific fate regulator of NCCs. Adam19-depleted mice abnormally form NCC-derived cartilage in their hearts through the upregulation of Sox9 levels in CNCCs. Moreover, NCC-lineage-specific Sox9-overexpressing mice recapitulate CNCC chondrogenesis. In vitro experiments show that Adam19 mediates the cleavage of bone morphogenic protein (BMP) type I receptor Alk2 (Acvr1), whereas pharmacogenetic approaches reveal that Adam19 inhibits CNCC chondrogenesis by suppressing the BMP-Sox9 cascade, presumably through processing Alk2. These findings suggest a metalloprotease-dependent mechanism attenuating cellular responsiveness to BMP ligands, which is essential for both the positional restriction of NCC skeletogenesis and normal heart development.© 2019 The Author(s)Arai et al. show that metalloprotease Adam19 is essential for proper differentiation of cardiac neural crest cells (CNCCs) in murine embryogenesis. Adam19 suppresses the response of CNCCs to bone morphogenic protein by cleaving its receptor Alk2, thus restricting CNCC skeletogenic potential and preventing cartilage formation in the heart.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Arai HN, Sato F, Yamamoto T, Woltjen K, Kiyonari H, Yoshimoto Y, Shukunami C, Akiyama H, Kist R, Sehara-Fujisawa A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Cell Reports

Year: 2019

Volume: 29

Issue: 3

Pages: 603-616.e5

Online publication date: 15/10/2019

Acceptance date: 05/09/2019

Date deposited: 16/10/2019

ISSN (electronic): 2211-1247

Publisher: Cell Press

URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2019.09.019

DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.09.019


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