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Evaluation of the RayStation electron Monte Carlo dose calculation algorithm

Lookup NU author(s): Neil Richmond, JJ Wyatt


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© 2019. The aim of this work was to evaluate the accuracy of the RayStation treatment planning system electron Monte Carlo algorithm against measured data for a range of clinically relevant scenarios. This was done by comparing measured percentage depth dose data (PDD) in water, profiles at oblique incidence and with heterogeneities in the beam path, and output factor data and that generated using the RayStation treatment planning system Monte Carlo VMC++ based calculation algorithm. While electron treatments are widely employed in the radiotherapy setting accurate modelling is challenging (TPS) in the presence of patient being both heterogeneous and nonrectangular. Watertank-based measurements were made on a Varian TrueBeam linear accelerator covering electron beam energies 6 to 18 MeV. These included both normal and oblique incidence, heterogeneous geometries, and irregular shaped cut-outs. The measured geometries were replicated in RayStation and the Monte Carlo dose calculation engine used to generate dosimetric data for comparison against measurement in what were considered clinically relevant settings. Water-based PDDs and profile comparisons showed excellent agreement for all electron beam energies. Profiles measured with oblique beam incidence demonstrated acceptable agreement to the treatment planning system calculations although the correspondence worsened as the angle increased with the planning system overestimating the dose in the shoulder region. Profile measurements under inhomogeneities were generally good. The planning system had a tendency to overestimate dose under the heterogeneity and also demonstrated a broader penumbra than measurement. Of the 170 different output factors calculated in RayStation over the range of electron energies commissioned, 141 were within ± 3% of measured values and 164 within ± 5%. Four of the 6 comparisons beyond 5% were at 18 MeV and all had a cut-out edge within 3 cm of the beam central axis/measurement point. The RayStation implementation of a VMC++ electron Monte Carlo dose calculation algorithm shows good agreement with measured data for a range of scenarios studied and represented sufficient accuracy for clinical use.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Richmond N, Allen V, Wyatt J, Codling R

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Medical Dosimetry

Year: 2020

Volume: 45

Issue: 2

Pages: 159-167

Print publication date: 01/06/2020

Online publication date: 17/10/2019

Acceptance date: 14/09/2019

ISSN (print): 0958-3947

ISSN (electronic): 1873-4022

Publisher: Elsevier Inc.


DOI: 10.1016/j.meddos.2019.09.003

PubMed id: 31629601


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