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Micromonospora acroterricola sp. nov., a novel actinobacterium isolated from a high altitude Atacama Desert soil

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Lorena Carro Garcia, Dr Patrycja Golinska, Dr Imen Nouioui, Professor Alan Bull, Emeritus Professor Hans-Peter Klenk, Emeritus Professor Michael Goodfellow

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Abstract

A Micromonospora strain, designated 5R2A7T, isolated from a high altitude Atacama Desert soil was examined by using a polyphasic approach. Strain 5R2A7T was found to have morphological, chemotaxonomic and cultural characteristics typical of members of the genus Micromonospora. The cell wall contains meso- and hydroxy-diaminopimelic acid, the major whole-cell sugars are glucose, ribose and xylose, the predominant menaquinones MK-10(H4), MK-10(H6), MK-10(H8) and MK-9(H6), the major polar lipids diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and an unknown glycolipid, and the predominant cellular fatty acids iso-C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and 10-methyl C17 : 0. The digital genomic DNA G+C content is 72.3 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain 5R2A7T was closely related to Micromonospora coriariae DSM 44875T (99.8 %) and Micromonospora cremea CR30T (99.7 %), and was separated readily from the latter, its closest phylogenetic neighbour, based on gyrB and multilocus sequence data, by low average nucleotide identity (92.59 %) and in silico DNA-DNA relatedness (51.7 %) values calculated from draft genome assemblies and by a range of chemotaxonomic and phenotypic properties. Consequently, strain 5R2A7T is considered to represent a novel species of Micromonospora for which the name Micromonospora acroterricola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 5R2A7T (=LMG 30755T=CECT 9656T).


Publication metadata

Author(s): Carro L, Golinska P, Nouioui I, Bull AT, Igual JM, Andrews BA, Klenk H-P, Goodfellow M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Year: 2019

Volume: 69

Issue: 11

Pages: 3426-3436

Online publication date: 01/11/2019

Acceptance date: 02/04/2018

ISSN (print): 1466-5026

ISSN (electronic): 1466-5034

Publisher: The Microbiology Society

URL: https://doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.003634

DOI: 10.1099/ijsem.0.003634

PubMed id: 31395106


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