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Recycling lithium-ion batteries from electric vehicles

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Paul ChristensenORCiD, Professor Oliver Heidrich, Dr Simon LambertORCiD


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Rapid growth in the market for electric vehicles is imperative, to meet global targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, to improve air quality in urban centres and to meet the needs of consumers, with whom electric vehicles are increasingly popular. However, growing numbers of electric vehicles present a serious waste-management challenge for recyclers at end-of-life. Nevertheless, spent batteries may also present an opportunity as manufacturers require access to strategic elements and critical materials for key components in electric-vehicle manufacture: recycled lithium-ion batteries from electric vehicles could provide a valuable secondary source of materials. Here we outline and evaluate the current range of approaches to electric-vehicle lithium-ion battery recycling and re-use, and highlight areas for future progress.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Harper G, Sommerville R, Kendrick E, Driscoll L, Slater P, Stolkin R, Walton A, Christensen P, Heidrich O, Lambert S, Abbott A, Ryder K, Gaines L, Anderson P

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: Nature

Year: 2019

Volume: 575

Issue: 7781

Pages: 75-86

Print publication date: 07/11/2019

Online publication date: 06/11/2019

Acceptance date: 23/07/2019

ISSN (print): 0028-0836

ISSN (electronic): 1476-4687

Publisher: NLM (Medline)


DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1682-5

PubMed id: 31695206