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Assessing strabismus in children

Lookup NU author(s): Michael Clarke


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© 2019 Elsevier LtdStrabismus, also known as a squint, is an ocular misalignment. In the UK the prevalence of strabismus in children is 2.1%. There are multiple causes of strabismus in children; some of which can be sinister and are potentially eye or life threatening. Therefore it is essential that strabismus is identified and managed appropriately and in a timely manner. Amblyopia is frequently associated with strabismus, and can be a cause or a complication of strabismus, it needs to be recognized and treated early to prevent a permanent reduction in visual acuity. This article explains how to correctly assess strabismus in children. A detailed history should be taken, and an ocular examination should be performed using the correct techniques and ocular motility tests. The important red flag features of strabismus in children are also outlined in this article.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Bommireddy T, Taylor K, Clarke MP

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: Paediatrics and Child Health

Year: 2020

Volume: 30

Issue: 1

Pages: P14-18

Print publication date: 01/01/2020

Online publication date: 28/11/2019

Acceptance date: 02/04/2018

ISSN (print): 1751-7222

ISSN (electronic): 1878-206X

Publisher: Churchill Livingstone


DOI: 10.1016/j.paed.2019.10.003