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Psychosocial risk factors for low back pain and absenteeism among Slovenian professional drivers

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Jana SuklanORCiD



This is the final published version of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Statni Zdravotni Ustav, National Institute of Public Health, 2017.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the most common psychosocial risk factors for absenteeism and the extent to which low back pain occurs among Slovenian professional drivers as result of various psychosocial risk factors.Method: The study involved 275 professional drivers, mostly men (mean age 41.6 years). Statistical data analysis was conducted using SPSS package version 21, MS Excel version 2007 and Pajek, version 3. The main method for data processing was regression analysis.Results: The results of the quantitative survey showed that lower back pain is mostly caused by lifting and carrying heavy loads, inadequate working conditions, poor physical fitness, regular nights out, shift work, and stress. Dissatisfaction with work, shift work and unsuitable working condi- tions significantly affect the incidence of low back pain. Absenteeism is influenced by factors such as dissatisfaction at work, disrespectful attitude of managers, unsuitable working conditions, personal dissatisfaction, lack of understanding of the partner, and enjoying nightlife on a regular basis.Conclusions: The study clarifies the unexplained holistic psychosocial risk factors and treatment effects on health in the population of profes- sional drivers. Such factors can lead to absenteeism. The study also provides initial demonstration research in the Slovenian practice. Furthermore, it provides solutions in a holistic approach to solve the problem of risk factors management.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Kresal F, Suklan J, Roblek V, Jerman A, Mesko M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Central European Journal of Public Health

Year: 2017

Volume: 25

Issue: 2

Pages: 135–140

Print publication date: 01/06/2017

Online publication date: 01/06/2017

Acceptance date: 12/09/2016

Date deposited: 22/01/2020

ISSN (print): 1210-7778

ISSN (electronic): 1803-1048

Publisher: Statni Zdravotni Ustav, National Institute of Public Health


DOI: 10.21101/cejph.a4385

PubMed id: 28662324


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