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This is the final published version of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Oxford University Press, 2017.
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© 2016 The Authors. We present a catalogue of ~3000 submillimetre sources detected (≥ 3.5σ) at 850 μm over ~5 deg2 surveyed as part of the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey (S2CLS). This is the largest survey of its kind at 850 μm, increasing the sample size of 850 μm selected submillimetre galaxies by an order of magnitude. The wide 850 μm survey component of S2CLS covers the extragalactic fields: UKIDSS-UDS, COSMOS, Akari-NEP, Extended Groth Strip, Lockman Hole North, SSA22 and GOODS-North. The average 1σ depth of S2CLS is 1.2 mJy beam-1, approaching the SCUBA-2 850 μm confusion limit, which we determine to be σc ≈ 0.8 mJy beam-1.We measure the 850 μm number counts, reducing the Poisson errors on the differential counts to approximately 4 per cent at S850 ≈ 3 mJy. With several independent fields, we investigate field-to-field variance, finding that the number counts on 0.5°-1° scales are generally within 50 per cent of the S2CLS mean for S850 > 3 mJy, with scatter consistent with the Poisson and estimated cosmic variance uncertainties, although there is a marginal (2sigma;) density enhancement in GOODS-North. The observed counts are in reasonable agreement with recent phenomenological and semi-analytic models, although determining the shape of the faint-end slope (S850 < 3 mJy) remains a key test. The large solid angle of S2CLS allows us to measure the bright-end counts: at S850 > 10 mJy there are approximately 10 sources per square degree, and we detect the distinctive up-turn in the number counts indicative of the detection of local sources of 850 μm emission, and strongly lensed high-redshift galaxies. All calibrated maps and the catalogue are made publicly available.
Author(s): Geach JE, Dunlop JS, Halpern M, Smail I, van der Werf P, Alexander DM, Almaini O, Aretxaga I, Arumugam V, Asboth V, Banerji M, Beanlands J, Best PN, Blain AW, Birkinshaw M, Chapin EL, Chapman SC, Chen C-C, Chrysostomou A, Clarke C, Clements DL, Conselice C, Coppin KEK, Cowley WI, Danielson ALR, Eales S, Edge AC, Farrah D, Gibb A, Harrison CM, Hine NK, Hughes D, Ivison RJ, Jarvis M, Jenness T, Jones SF, Karim A, Koprowski M, Knudsen KK, Lacey CG, Mackenzie T, Marsden G, McAlpine K, McMahon R, Meijerink R, Michalowski MJ, Oliver SJ, Page MJ, Peacock JA, Rigopoulou D, Robson EI, Roseboom I, Rotermund K, Scott D, Serjeant S, Simpson C, Simpson JM, Smith DJB, Spaans M, Stanley F, Stevens JA, Swinbank AM, Targett T, Thomson AP, Valiante E, Wake DA, Webb TMA, Willott C, Zavala JA, Zemcov M
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print publication date: 01/02/2017
Online publication date: 10/11/2016
Acceptance date: 19/10/2016
Date deposited: 04/02/2020
ISSN (print): 0035-8711
ISSN (electronic): 1365-2966
Publisher: Oxford University Press
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