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Trade-offs and synergies in the ecosystem service demand of urban brownfield stakeholders

Lookup NU author(s): Professor David ManningORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2020 The Author(s)Brownfield site redevelopment presents an opportunity to create urban green spaces that provide a wide range of ecosystem services. It is important, therefore, to understand which ecosystem services are demanded by stakeholders and whether there are trade-offs or synergies in this demand. We performed a quantitative survey of ecosystem service demand from brownfield sites that included all major stakeholder groups. Results showed that there was a strong trade-off between demand for services related to property development (e.g. ground strength and low flood risk) and all other services, which were linked to vegetated sites. There was a secondary, but weak, trade-off between demand for services of more ‘natural’ vegetated sites (e.g. with a biodiversity protection role) and those linked to aesthetics and recreation. Stakeholders with a strong preference for biodiversity protection formed a distinct group in their ecosystem service demands. While a ‘development’ vs ‘green space’ trade-off may be unavoidable, the general lack of strong trade-offs in demand for other services indicated that the creation of multifunctional greenspaces from former brownfield sites would be desirable to most stakeholders, as long as these are biophysically possible.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Washbourne C-L, Goddard MA, Le Provost G, Manning DAC, Manning P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Ecosystem Services

Year: 2020

Volume: 42

Online publication date: 06/02/2020

Acceptance date: 21/01/2020

Date deposited: 27/02/2020

ISSN (print): 2212-0416

Publisher: Elsevier B.V.


DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2020.101074


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Funder referenceFunder name
NE/P019501/1Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)