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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Umair Ahmed
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
Turbulence in open channel flows is ubiquitous to hydro-environmental applications and has recently increased in importance with the deployment of tidal stream turbines as turbulence impacts both the turbine performance and the blade fatigue life. Tidal turbine analysis requires fully developed turbulence characteristics at the inlet of numerical simulations where generally the length scale information is limited. In this study fully resolved Large Eddy Simulations (LES) with flat beds was undertaken using an open source code at friction Reynolds numbers (Reτ ) of 150, 400 and 1020. It was found that the effects of the free surface on turbulence length scales were felt in approximately uppermost 10% of the channel only, although the influence on Reynolds stresses extended further downwards. Furthermore, the cross-correlation length scales of both streamwise and spanwise velocities were found to be significantly affected by the free surface where turbulent eddies were flattened to the two-component limit.
Author(s): Ahmed U, Apsley D, Stallard T, Stansby P, Afgan I
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Hydraulic Research
Online publication date: 03/04/2020
Acceptance date: 02/02/2020
Date deposited: 15/02/2020
ISSN (print): 0022-1686
ISSN (electronic): 1814-2079
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
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