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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Chien-Yi ChangORCiD
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).
© 2019 Gao et al.Background: Neonatal sepsis (NS) is one of the leading causes of infant morbidity and mortality, but little is known about pathogen incidence and distribution in China. Methods: In this retrospective study (January 2012 to December 2016), culture-proven cases aged less than 28 days with diagnosed NS in the Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, South China, were analyzed for pathogen incidence and antimicrobial resistance. Results: A total of 620 isolates were identified from 597 NS cases. Gram-negative bacteria (n=371, 59.8%) dominated over Gram-positive bacteria (n=218, 35.2%) and fungi (n=30, 4.8%). Klebsiella pneumoniae (21.9%), Escherichia coli (21.9%), group B Streptococcus (GBS, 13.2%), and Staphylococcus aureus (6.8%) were the four most predominant pathogens. In earlyonset sepsis (EOS), GBS (30.0%) and E. coli (20.0%) were dominant, whereas in late-onset sepsis (LOS), K. pneumoniae (25.6%) and E. coli (22.4%) were dominant. E. coli (25.2%) and GBS (17.7%) were the most frequently isolated from term patients, whereas K. pneumoniae was the most frequently isolated from preterm patients (34.9%). Of the infected infants, 9.5% died from sepsis, most commonly by E. coli infection (16.2%). Among 91,215 live births (LBs) delivered in the study hospital (2012–2016), 252 infants developed sepsis infection (2.76 per 1000 LBs, 95% CI 2.4–3.1), including EOS (0.78 per 1000 LBs) and LOS (2.13 per 1000 LBs). All GBS isolates were susceptible to β-lactam antibiotics, and S. aureus, including methicillinresistant isolates, were susceptible to vancomycin. An extended-spectrum β-lactamase producer was identified in 37.3% of E. coli and 50.4% of K. pneumoniae. Conclusion: K. pneumoniae was the most frequent pathogen in culture-proven NS in South China, primarily associated with LOS in preterm, whereas GBS was the dominant pathogen in EOS. E. coli was common in both episodes with the highest mortality.
Author(s): Gao K, Fu J, Guan X, Zhu S, Zeng L, Xu X, Chang C-Y, Liu H
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Infection and Drug Resistance
Online publication date: 03/12/2019
Acceptance date: 31/10/2019
Date deposited: 24/02/2020
ISSN (print): 1178-6973
Publisher: Dove Medical Press Ltd.
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