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A techno-economic analysis based upon a parametric study of alkali-catalysed biodiesel production from feedstocks with high free fatty acid and water contents

Lookup NU author(s): Luma Al-Saadi, Dr Valentine Eze, Professor Adam Harvey

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This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Taylor and Francis Ltd., 2020.

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Abstract

© 2020, © 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.TEAs (Techno-economic Analyses) were performed for various conditions for one-step homogeneous base catalysis of refined and low-grade vegetable oils containing moderate to high free fatty acids (FFAs) and water. The conditions modelled were based upon a “Design of experiments” study of the reaction using a meso-OBR, a continuous process screening device to rapidly screen through conditions. For refined rapeseed oil, 99% conversion to FAME was achieved at 13:1 methanol-to-oil molar ratio, 0.5 wt. % of catalyst, 50 °C and 16 min. For low-grade RSO (2.75 wt.% FFA) up to 90%, FAME was attained at 18:1 methanol-to-oil molar ratio, 2 wt% catalyst, 50 °C and 4.25 min. The TEAs were based on plant capacities of 100,000 te/y, assuming a 20 yr plant lifetime. The outputs were compared to the conventional one-step biodiesel process and a two-step process for high FFA feedstock involving a pre-treatment step to reduce FFA content, followed by alkali-catalysed transesterification. The single-step process for low quality RSO at conditions identified here, which was significantly more economically viable than the conventional process using refined oil and the two-step process using waste cooking oil.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Al-Saadi LS, Eze VC, Harvey AP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Biofuels

Year: 2020

Pages: epub ahead of print

Online publication date: 17/02/2020

Acceptance date: 30/01/2020

Date deposited: 21/04/2020

ISSN (print): 1759-7269

ISSN (electronic): 1759-7277

Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd.

URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/17597269.2020.1727688

DOI: 10.1080/17597269.2020.1727688


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