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Spontaneous crystallization of skyrmions and fractional vortices in fast-rotating and rapidly quenched spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Gary Liu



This is the final published version of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by American Physical Society, 2011.

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We investigate the spontaneous generation of crystallized topological defects via the combining effects of fast rotation and rapid thermal quench on spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs). By solving the stochastic projected Gross-Pitaevskii equation, we show that, when the system reaches equilibrium, a hexagonal lattice of skyrmions and a square lattice of half-quantized vortices can be formed in a ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic spinor BEC, respectively, which can be imaged by using the polarization-dependent phase-contrast method.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Su SW, Hsueh CH, Liu IK, Horng TL, Tsai YC, Gou SC, Liu WM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Physical Review A

Year: 2011

Volume: 84

Print publication date: 01/08/2011

Online publication date: 01/08/2011

Date deposited: 18/03/2020

ISSN (print): 2469-9926

ISSN (electronic): 2469-9934

Publisher: American Physical Society


DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.84.023601


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