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Effect of long term fertilization management strategies on methane emissions and rice yield

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Evangelos Petropoulos



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


Optimum fertilization is an efficient method to maintain rice yield and reduce N-losses. It is essential though to evaluate methane emissions from paddy fields, to further understand its impact on greenhouse gas budget. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of long-term optimum fertilization on CH4 emissions and rice yield. We collected data in the 7th and 8th year from a field experiment initiated in 2010. Four optimum fertilization strategies, reduced N-fertilizer and zero-P treatment (RNP, 200 kg N/ha), sulfur-coated urea combined with uncoated urea treatment (SCU, 200 kg N/ha), organic fertilizer combined chemical fertilizer treatment (OCN, 200 kg N/ha), organic fertilizer treatment (OF, 200 kg N/ha); and two controls, the farmers' N management (FN, 270 kg N/ha) and zero-N treatment (N0), were employed. The results showed the rice yields achieved for the optimum fertilization treatments (RNP, SCU, OCN, and OF) were similar with those for the FN. No significant differences in CH4 emissions among all treatments. Cumulative seasonal CH4 emissions were negatively correlated with grain yield (P < 0.05). In the RNP and SCU treatments, soil available K, mcrA gene and available P were the key variables affecting CH4 emissions; soil available K, available P and SOC contents were the key emissions factors for OCN and OF treatments. The SCU achieved the highest rice yield and lowest CH4 emission intensity among optimum fertilization treatments. These results suggest that long-term application of sulfur-coated urea combined with uncoated urea can maintain rice yield and reduce methane emissions from rice paddies.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Hou P, Yu Y, Xue L, Petropoulos E, Hea S, Zhang Y, Pandey A, Xue L, Yang L, Chen D

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Science of the Total Environment

Year: 2020

Volume: 749

Print publication date: 20/12/2020

Online publication date: 27/03/2020

Acceptance date: 26/03/2020

Date deposited: 31/03/2020

ISSN (print): 0048-9697

ISSN (electronic): 1879-1026

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138261


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