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Lookup NU author(s): Hannah Smith,
Dr Lisa Prendergast,
Professor Nicola Curtin
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
PARP inhibition results in the accumulation of DNA SSBs, causing replication stress (RS) and lesions that can only be resolved by homologous recombination repair (HRR). Defects in HRR, e.g., due to BRCA2 mutation, confer profound sensitivity to PARP inhibitor (PARPi) cytotoxicity. In response to RS, CHK1 is activated to signal to S and G2/M cell cycle checkpoints and also to HRR. To determine the relative contribution of these two functions of CHK1 to survival following PARPi exposure, we investigated the effects of rucaparib (a PARPi) and PF-477736 (a CHK1 inhibitor) alone and in combination in cells with mutated and corrected BRCA2. The BRCA2 mutated V-C8 cells were 1000× more sensitive to rucaparib cytotoxicity than their matched BRCA2 corrected V-C8.B2 cells, but no more sensitive to PF-477736 despite having seven-fold higher levels of RS. PF-477736 caused a five-fold enhancement of rucaparib cytotoxicity in the V-C8.B2 cells, but no enhancement in the V-C8 cells. This differential sensitivity was not due to a difference in PARP1 or CHK1 expression or activity. PF-477736 increased rucaparib-induced RS (γH2AX foci) and completely inhibited RAD51 focus formation, indicating a profound suppression of HRR. Our data suggested that inhibition of HRR was the main mechanism of sensitisation to rucaparib, compounded with an inhibition of cell cycle checkpoints by PF-477736.
Author(s): Smith H, Prendergast L, Curtin NJ
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Online publication date: 04/04/2020
Acceptance date: 31/03/2020
Date deposited: 15/04/2020
ISSN (print): 2072-6694
ISSN (electronic): 2072-6694
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