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Application of a material model based on the Johnson-Cook and Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman model in ship collision and grounding simulations

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Zhiqiang Hu



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


© 2020 Elsevier LtdNonlinear numerical simulation has become an important tool for analysing dynamic responses and energy dissipation of structures during ship collision and grounding scenarios. However, determining a globally acknowledged failure criterion remains a challenging task. In this paper, a material model based on the Johnson-Cook model and the Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman (GTN) model is proposed. The GTN model assumes that the fracture of materials is caused by void growth and coalescence, but it is only applicable to a relatively high value of the stress triaxiality and significantly overestimates the carrying capacity of materials under a shear loading condition. Moreover, the GTN model is suitable for the relatively low strain rates, while at higher strain rates, such as structural impact problems, the numerical simulation results are not accurate, so the material model proposed in this paper solves this problem by including the strain rate effect and combining the void nucleation and coalescence. Furthermore, in order to verify the accuracy of the proposed model's application in the LS-DYNA programme, a set of model tests were conducted. A quasi-static tensile test, high-speed tensile test and falling weight impact test were performed. By comparing the numerical simulation results with those of the experiment results, it is determined that the proposed material model can describe the structural damage extremely well, which demonstrates the proposed model's applicability for structural failure response prediction in ship collision and grounding simulations.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Wang Z, Hu Z, Liu K, Chen G

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Ocean Engineering

Year: 2020

Volume: 205

Print publication date: 01/06/2020

Online publication date: 13/04/2020

Acceptance date: 23/11/2019

Date deposited: 18/06/2021

ISSN (print): 0029-8018

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


DOI: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2019.106768


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