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Gender-based violence before, during and after cyclones: slow violence and layered disasters

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Rachel Pain



This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2021.

For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.


This paper investigates the mutual relationship of gender-based violence (GBV) and cyclone disasters. Evidence is sparse on this topic, especially in-depth research attending to the socio-economic and cultural aspects of locality. The research reported here is a case study of a coastal region in Bangladesh, carried out shortly after Cyclone Roanu (2016), that aimed to shed light on the mechanisms linking GBV to cyclones through the eyes of survivors. The paper maps out different forms, experiences and impacts of GBV before, during and after cyclones. It argues that cyclones lead directly and indirectly to GBV, and that GBV makes women and children more vulnerable to the effects of disasters. Climate change, poverty and economic loss compound this cyclical relationship. We develop a conceptual framing, that draws on Nixon’s (2011) ‘slow violence’, to understand the layering of forms of violence that operate on what appear to be different temporal and spatial scales.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Rezwana R, Pain R

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Disasters

Year: 2021

Volume: 45

Issue: 4

Pages: 741-761

Print publication date: 01/10/2021

Online publication date: 14/05/2020

Acceptance date: 01/05/2020

Date deposited: 14/05/2020

ISSN (print): 0361-3666

ISSN (electronic): 1467-7717

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


DOI: 10.1111/disa.12441


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