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Visible light communication with efficient far-red/near-infrared polymer light-emitting diodes

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Paul HaighORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2020, The Author(s).Visible light communication (VLC) is a wireless technology that relies on optical intensity modulation and is potentially a game changer for internet-of-things (IoT) connectivity. However, VLC is hindered by the low penetration depth of visible light in non-transparent media. One solution is to extend operation into the “nearly (in)visible” near-infrared (NIR, 700–1000 nm) region, thus also enabling VLC in photonic bio-applications, considering the biological tissue NIR semitransparency, while conveniently retaining vestigial red emission to help check the link operativity by simple eye inspection. Here, we report new far-red/NIR organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with a 650–800 nm emission range and external quantum efficiencies among the highest reported in this spectral range (>2.7%, with maximum radiance and luminance of 3.5 mW/cm2 and 260 cd/m2, respectively). With these OLEDs, we then demonstrate a “real-time” VLC setup achieving a data rate of 2.2 Mb/s, which satisfies the requirements for IoT and biosensing applications. These are the highest rates ever reported for an online unequalised VLC link based on solution-processed OLEDs.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Minotto A, Haigh PA, Lukasiewicz LG, Lunedei E, Gryko DT, Darwazeh I, Cacialli F

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Light: Science and Applications

Year: 2020

Volume: 9

Print publication date: 01/12/2020

Online publication date: 26/04/2020

Acceptance date: 10/04/2020

Date deposited: 28/05/2020

ISSN (print): 2095-5545

ISSN (electronic): 2047-7538

Publisher: Springer Nature


DOI: 10.1038/s41377-020-0314-z


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Funder referenceFunder name
... the National Science Centre,Poland (Grant HARMONIA 2016/22/M/ST5/00431).
D.T.G. andŁ.Ł. are grateful forfinancial support from the National Centre for Research andDevelopment, Poland (PL-TWIII/17/2016) and ...
EPSRC (grant EP/P006280/1,MARVEL
F.C. is a Royal SocietyWolfson Foundation Research Merit Award recipient