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Short-term High-fat Overfeeding Does Not Induce NF-κB Inflammatory Signaling in Subcutaneous White Adipose Tissue

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Carl Hulston

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Abstract

© Endocrine Society 2020. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.CONTEXT: It is unclear how white adipose tissue (WAT) inflammatory signaling proteins respond during the early stages of overnutrition. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of short-term, high-fat overfeeding on fasting abdominal subcutaneous WAT total content and phosphorylation of proteins involved in nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) inflammatory signaling, systemic metabolic and inflammatory biomarkers. DESIGN: Individuals consumed a high-fat (65% total energy from total fat), high-energy (50% above estimated energy requirements) diet for 7 days. RESULTS: Fifteen participants (aged 27 ± 1 years; body mass index 24.4 ± 0.6 kg/m2) completed the study. Body mass increased following high-fat overfeeding (+1.2 ± 0.2 kg; P < 0.0001). However, total content and phosphorylation of proteins involved in NF-κB inflammatory signaling were unchanged following the intervention. Fasting serum glucose (+0.2 ± 0.0 mmol/L), total cholesterol (+0.4 ± 0.1 mmol/L), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (+0.3 ± 0.1 mmol/L), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (+0.2 ± 0.0 mmol/L), and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP; +4.7 ± 2.1 µg/mL) increased, whereas triacylglycerol concentrations (-0.2 ± 0.1 mmol/L) decreased following overfeeding (all P < 0.05). Systemic biomarkers (insulin, soluble cluster of differentiation 14 [CD14], C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1) and the proportion and concentration of circulating CD14+ monocytes were unaffected by overfeeding. CONCLUSION: Acute lipid oversupply did not impact on total content or phosphorylation of proteins involved in WAT NF-κB inflammatory signaling, despite modest weight gain and metabolic alterations. Systemic LBP, which is implicated in the progression of low-grade inflammation during the development of obesity, increased in response to a 7-day high-fat overfeeding period.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Dewhurst-Trigg R, Wadley AJ, Woods RM, Sherar LB, Bishop NC, Hulston CJ, Markey O

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

Year: 2020

Volume: 105

Issue: 7

Online publication date: 31/03/2020

Acceptance date: 27/03/2020

ISSN (print): 0021-972X

ISSN (electronic): 1945-7197

Publisher: Oxford University Press

URL: https://doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgaa158

DOI: 10.1210/clinem/dgaa158

PubMed id: 32232380


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