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Sustained impact of the activities of local crude oil refiners on their host communities in Nigeria

Lookup NU author(s): Oyinkepreye Bebeteidoh, Dr Simon Kometa, Dr Kayvan Pazouki, Dr Rosemary Norman

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


Abstract

© 2020 Newcastle UniversityThe local refining of crude oil has become a lucrative but disturbing business in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Deep inside the forest of the Niger Delta camps are built and used for the local refining of crude oil. The economic benefits this brings to the refiners are clear, however the host communities are severely hit by the activities of the ‘local crude oil refiners’. Farmlands have been destroyed and fishing settlements evacuated as a result of pollution of the rivers and estuaries, with loss of lives and properties. This research investigates the impact of the activities of the local refiners on their host communities' farmlands, rivers and estuaries. A quantitative research method was adopted in this study through the administration of questionnaires to local stakeholders (chiefs, the youth, farmers, traders, fishermen/fisherwomen and residents of affected communities). Quantitative data was collected from three communities in the Niger Delta with local refineries and the data was analysed using descriptive and inferential (Chi Square and Correlation) methods. The study demonstrates the high impact of the activities of the refiners on farmlands and fishing areas of the host communities and makes recommendations to all stakeholders in the upstream and downstream sectors of the petroleum industry. In addition, recommendations are made to the Nigerian government, on ways to address the impact of local refining on host communities.© 2020 Newcastle UniversitySocial Science; Pollution; Crude oil; Niger Delta; Sustained Impact; Community; Local refining.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Bebeteidoh OL, Kometa S, Pazouki K, Norman R

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Heliyon

Year: 2020

Volume: 6

Issue: 6

Online publication date: 05/06/2020

Acceptance date: 13/05/2020

Date deposited: 17/06/2020

ISSN (electronic): 2405-8440

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd

URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04000

DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04000


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