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Unraveling the Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of Neurobiobanking and Stroke Genomic Research in Africa: A Study Protocol of the African Neurobiobank for Precision Stroke Medicine ELSI Project

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Rufus Akinyemi, Professor Raj Kalaria

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


Abstract

© The Author(s) 2020.The ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI) of emerging neurobiobanks and data resources are unclear in an African scientific landscape with unique cultural, linguistic, and belief systems. The overarching goal of the African Neurobiobank for Precision Stroke Medicine–—ELSI Project is to identify, examine, and develop novel approaches to address ELSI issues of biobanking and stroke genomic research in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). To accomplish the goal we will (1) explore knowledge, attitude, perceptions, barriers, and facilitators influencing ELSI issues related to biobanking and stroke genomic research; (2) use information obtained to craft a community intervention program focused on ELSI issues; and (3) build capacity and careers related to genomics and biobanking for effective client/community engagement while enhancing regulatory, governance, and implementation competences in biobanking science in SSA. A community-based participatory research and mixed-methodological approach, focused on various levels of the social ecological model, will be used to identify and examine relevant ELSI issues. Contextual intervention tools, platforms, and practices will be developed to enhance community understanding and participation in stroke biobanking and genomics research activities while facilitating enduring trust, and equitable and fair utilization of biobanking resources for genetic and trans-omics research. A concurrent capacity building program related to genetic counseling and biobanking will be implemented for early career researchers. The huge potential for neurobiobanking and genomics research in Africa to advance precision medicine applicable to stroke and other neurological disorders requires addressing ELSI challenges while building sustainable research, career, and regulatory capacities in trans-omics and biobanking science.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Akinyemi RO, Jenkins C, Nichols M, Singh A, Wahab K, Akpalu A, Sarfo FS, Owolabi LF, Obiako R, Akinyemi J, Ojebuyi B, Adigun M, Musbahu R, Bello A, Titiloye M, Calys-Tagoe B, Ogunronbi M, Uvere E, Laryea R, Fakunle A, Adeleye O, Olorunsogbon O, Ojo A, Adesina D, Mensah N, Oguike W, Coleman N, Mande A, Uthman M, Kalaria RN, Jegede A, Owolabi M, Ovbiagele B, Arulogun O

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Qualitative Methods

Year: 2020

Volume: 19

Pages: 1-13

Print publication date: 01/01/2020

Online publication date: 23/06/2020

Acceptance date: 02/04/2016

Date deposited: 10/07/2020

ISSN (electronic): 1609-4069

Publisher: SAGE Publications Inc.

URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/1609406920923194

DOI: 10.1177/1609406920923194


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