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Compositional Effects of Large Graphene Oxide Sheets on the Spinnability and Properties of Polyurethane Composite Fibers

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Shayan Seyedin

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Abstract

Recent advances in wearable electronics, technical textiles, and wearable strain sensing devices have resulted in extensive research on stretchable electrically conductive fibers. Addressing these areas require the development of efficient fiber processing methodologies that do not compromise the mechanical properties of the polymer (typically an elastomer) when nanomaterials are added as conductive fillers. It is highly desirable that the addition of conductive fillers provides not only electrical conductivity, but that these fillers also enhance the stiffness, strength, stretchability, and toughness of the polymer. Here, the compatibility of polyurethane (PU) and graphene oxide (GO) is utilized for the study of the properties of elastomeric conductive fibers prepared by wet‐spinning. The GO‐reinforced PU fibers demonstrate outstanding mechanical properties with a 200‐fold and a threefold enhancement in Young's modulus and toughness, respectively. Postspinning thermal annealing of the fibers results in electrically conductive fibers with a low percolation threshold (≈0.37 wt% GO). An investigation into optimized fiber's electromechanical behavior reveals linear strain sensing abilities up to 70%. Results presented here provide practical insights on how to simultaneously maintain or improve electrical, mechanical, and electromechanical properties in conductive elastomer fibers.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Seyedin S, Razal JM, Innis PC, Jalili R, Wallace GG

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Advanced Materials Interfaces

Year: 2016

Volume: 3

Issue: 5

Pages: 1500672

Print publication date: 07/03/2016

Online publication date: 11/01/2016

Acceptance date: 25/11/2015

ISSN (electronic): 2196-7350

Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag

URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/admi.201500672

DOI: 10.1002/admi.201500672


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