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Fifty years of impact on liver pathology: a history of the Gnomes

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Alastair BurtORCiD, Professor Pierre Bedossa, Dr Dina Tiniakos



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Professional societies play a major role in medicine and science. The societies tend to be large with well-developed administrativestructures. An additional model, however, is based on small groups of experts who meet regularly in an egalitarian model in orderto discuss disease-specific scientific and medical problems. In order to illustrate the effectiveness of this model, the history andpractices are examined of a long-standing successful example, the International Liver Pathology Group, better known as theGnomes. The history shows that groups such as the Gnomes offer a number of important benefits not available in larger societiesand nurturing such groups advances science and medicine in meaningful ways. The success of the Gnomes’approach provides aroad map for future small scientific groups

Publication metadata

Author(s): Torbenson M, Desmet V, Denk H, Callea F, Burt AD, Hübscher SG, Terracciano L, Dienes HP, Goodman ZD, Bedossa P, Wanless IR, Roberts EA, Brunt EM, Clouston AD, Gouw ASH, Kleiner D, Schirmacher P, Tiniakos D

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Virchows Archiv

Year: 2021

Volume: 478

Pages: 191-200

Print publication date: 01/02/2021

Online publication date: 30/06/2020

Acceptance date: 17/06/2020

Date deposited: 07/08/2020

ISSN (print): 0945-6317

ISSN (electronic): 1432-2307

Publisher: Springer Nature


DOI: 10.1007/s00428-020-02879-5

PubMed id: 32607686


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