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Tracing technological transformation–mechanical mortar production in early medieval Europe and at Müstair Monastery, Switzerland

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Sophie HueglinORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Archaeological and historical research combined with material science help to understand the development of building material and construction technology of the Middle Ages. The natural sciences, especially mortar characterisation and scientific dating have allowed new insights into mechanical mortar mixing which has been introduced and used mainly in the early medieval period between AD 500 and 1000. This paper combines the results of the pan-European archaeological research project RESTOMO with that of the interdisciplinary SNF-project “Mortar technology and construction history” at the UNESCO-world heritage site of Müstair monastery. Müstair so far is the only site with six mortar mixers from two periods. The comparison of the mortar samples from the mixers with samples from the building remains has proven to be challenging and partly contradicts the previous correlation of mortar mixers with archaeologically established building phases.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Hueglin S, Caroselli M, Cassitti P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: STAR: Science and Technology of Archaeological Research

Year: 2019

Volume: 5

Issue: 2

Pages: 305-322

Online publication date: 15/08/2020

Acceptance date: 01/05/2020

Date deposited: 16/10/2020

ISSN (electronic): 2054-8923

Publisher: Routledge


DOI: 10.1080/20548923.2020.1797376


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