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Ideas and perspectives: A strategic assessment of methane and nitrous oxide measurements in the marine environment

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Robert Upstill-Goddard

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

In the current era of rapid climate change, accurate characterization of climate-relevant gas dynamics - namely production, consumption and net emissions - is required for all biomes, especially those ecosystems most susceptible to the impact of change. Marine environments include regions that act as net sources or sinks for a number of climate-active trace gases including methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O). The temporal and spatial distributions of CH4 and N2O are controlled by the interaction of complex biogeochemical and physical processes. To evaluate and quantify the importance of these mechanisms relevant to marine CH4 and N2O cycling requires a combination of traditional scientific disciplines including oceanography, microbiology, and numerical modeling. Fundamental to all of these efforts is ensuring that the datasets produced by independent scientists around the world are comparable and interoperable. Equally critical is transparent communication within the research community about the technical improvements required to increase our collective understanding of marine CH4 and N2O. An Ocean Carbon & Biogeochemistry (OCB) sponsored workshop was organized to enhance dialogue and collaborations pertaining to marine CH4 and N2O. Here, we summarize the outcomes from the workshop to describe the challenges and opportunities for near-future CH4 and N2O research in the marine environment.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Wilson ST, Al-Haj AN, Bourbonnais A, Frey C, Fulweiler RW, Kessler JD, Marchant HK, Milucka J, Ray NE, Suntharalingham P, Thornton BF, Upstill-Goddard RC, Weber TS, Arévalo-Martínez DL, Bange HW, Benway HM, Bianchi D, Borges AV, Chang BX, Crill PM, del Valle DA, Farías L, Joye SB, Kock A, Labidi J, Manning CC, Pohlman JW, Rehder G, Sparrow KJ, Tortell PD, Treude T, Valentine DL, Ward BB, Yan S, Yurganov LN

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Biogeosciences

Year: 2020

Volume: 17

Issue: 22

Pages: 5809–5828

Online publication date: 26/11/2020

Acceptance date: 01/10/2020

Date deposited: 13/11/2020

ISSN (print): 1726-4170

ISSN (electronic): 1726-4189

Publisher: European Geosciences Union and Copernicus Publications

URL: https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2020-270

DOI: 10.5194/bg-2020-270


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