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Peripheral host T cells survive hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and promote graft-versus-host disease

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Matthew CollinORCiD


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Copyright: © 2020, American Society for Clinical Investigation.Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Donor T cells are key mediators in pathogenesis, but a contribution from host T cells has not been explored, as conditioning regimens are believed to deplete host T cells. To evaluate a potential role for host T cells in GVHD, the origin of skin and blood T cells was assessed prospectively in patients after HSCT in the absence of GVHD. While blood contained primarily donor-derived T cells, most T cells in the skin were host derived. We next examined patient skin, colon, and blood during acute GVHD. Host T cells were present in all skin and colon acute GVHD specimens studied, yet were largely absent in blood. We observed acute skin GVHD in the presence of 100% host T cells. Analysis demonstrated that a subset of host T cells in peripheral tissues were proliferating (Ki67+) and producing the proinflammatory cytokines IFN-γ and IL-17 in situ. Comparatively, the majority of antigen-presenting cells (APCs) in tissue in acute GVHD were donor derived, and donor-derived APCs were observed directly adjacent to host T cells. A humanized mouse model demonstrated that host skin-resident T cells could be activated by donor monocytes to generate a GVHD-like dermatitis. Thus, host tissue-resident T cells may play a previously unappreciated pathogenic role in acute GVHD.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Divito SJ, Aasebo AT, Matos TR, Hsieh P-C, Collin M, Elco CP, O'Malley JT, Baekkevold ES, Reims H, Gedde-Dahl T, Hagerstrom M, Hilaire J, Lian JW, Milford EL, Pinkus GS, Ho VT, Soiffer RJ, Kim HT, Mihm MC, Ritz J, Guleria I, Cutler CS, Clark RA, Jahnsen FL, Kupper TS

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Clinical Investigation

Year: 2020

Volume: 130

Issue: 9

Pages: 4624-4636

Print publication date: 01/09/2020

Online publication date: 09/06/2020

Acceptance date: 19/05/2020

ISSN (print): 0021-9738

ISSN (electronic): 1558-8238

Publisher: American Society for Clinical Investigation


DOI: 10.1172/JCI129965

PubMed id: 32516138


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