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Impact of a weekly glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist, albiglutide, on glycemic control and on reducing prandial insulin use in type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled on multiple insulin therapy: A randomized trial

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Philip Home


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© 2020 by the American Diabetes Association.OBJECTIVE The principle of replacing prandial insulin lispro with a once-weekly glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist (GLP-1RA) for type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled on a multiple daily insulin injections regimen was tested with albiglutide. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In this treat-to-target study, basal plus prandial insulin was optimized over 4 weeks before participants were randomized (1:1) to albiglutide plus optimized basal insulin glargine and lispro (dose reduced by 50% at randomization; subsequently, lispro injections were fully discontinued 4 weeks later) (n = 402) or to continued optimized lispro plus optimized glargine (n = 412). RESULTS Mean ± SD HbA1c at baseline, 7.8 ± 0.6% (61 ± 7 mmol/mol) in the albiglutide + glargine group and 7.7 ± 0.6% (60 ± 7 mmol/mol) in the lispro + glargine group, was reducedatweek26to6.7± 0.8% (49 ± 8 mmol/mol) and 6.6 ± 0.8% (48 ± 8mmol/mol), respectively (least squares [LS] difference 0.06% [95% CI-0.05 to 0.17]; non-inferiority P < 0.0001). In the albiglutide + glargine group, 218 participants (54%) replaced all prandial insulin without reintroducing lispro up to week 26. Total daily prandial insulin dose was similar at baseline but was lower by 62 units/day (95% CI-65.9 to-57.8; P <0.0001) at week26 in thealbiglutide + glargine group, and the total number of weekly injections was also reduced from 29 to 13 per week. Less severe/documented symptomatic hypoglycemia (57.2% vs. 75.0%) occurred in the albiglutide +glargine group with meaningful weight differences(LS mean±SE-2.0 ± 0.2 vs. +2.4 ± 0.2 kg; P < 0.0001) vs. lispro + glargine. Gastrointestinal adverse events were higher with albiglutide + glargine (26% vs. 13%). CONCLUSIONS A once-weekly GLP-1RA was able to substitute for prandial insulin in 54% of people, substantially reducing the number of prandial insulin injections; glycemic control improved, with the added benefits of weight loss and less hypoglycemia in the GLP-1RA arm. Replacing prandial insulin with a weekly GLP-1RA can simplify basal plus prandial insulin treatments and achieve better outcomes in type 2 diabetes.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Rosenstock J, Nino A, Soffer J, Erskine L, Acusta A, Dole J, Carr MC, Mallory J, Home P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Diabetes Care

Year: 2020

Volume: 43

Issue: 10

Pages: 2509-2518

Print publication date: 01/10/2020

Online publication date: 21/07/2020

Acceptance date: 08/06/2020

ISSN (print): 0149-5992

ISSN (electronic): 1935-5548

Publisher: American Diabetes Association Inc.


DOI: 10.2337/dc19-2316

PubMed id: 32694215


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