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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Christopher Duncan,
Professor Sophie Hambleton
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© 2020 The AuthorsThe concept that type I interferons (IFN-I) are essential to antiviral immunity derives from studies on animal models and cell lines. Virtually all pathogenic viruses have evolved countermeasures to IFN-I restriction, and genetic loss of viral IFN-I antagonists leads to virus attenuation. But just how important is IFN-I to antiviral defence in humans? The recent discovery of genetic defects of IFN-I signalling illuminates this and other questions of IFN biology, including the role of the mucosa-restricted type III IFNs (IFN-III), informing our understanding of the place of the IFN system within the concerted antiviral response. Here we review monogenic lesions of IFN-I signalling pathways and summarise the organising principles which emerge.
Author(s): Duncan CJA, Randall RE, Hambleton S
Publication type: Review
Publication status: Published
Journal: Trends in Genetics
Print publication date: 01/01/2021
Online publication date: 22/09/2020
Acceptance date: 20/08/2020
ISSN (print): 0168-9525
ISSN (electronic): 1362-4555
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd