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Data set for reporting carcinoma of the thyroid: recommendations from the International Collaboration on Cancer Reporting

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Sarah Johnson

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Abstract

© 2020. Thyroid cancer therapy is increasingly tailored to patients' risk of recurrence and death, placing renewed importance on pathologic parameters. The International Collaboration on Cancer Reporting (ICCR), an organization promoting evidence-based, internationally agreed-upon standardized pathology data sets, is the ideal conduit for the development of a pathology reporting protocol aimed at improving the care of patients with thyroid carcinomas. An international expert panel reviewed each element of thyroid pathology reporting. Recommendations were made based on the most recent literature and expert opinion.The data set uses the most recent World Health Organization (WHO) classification for the purpose of a more clinically and prognostically relevant nomenclature. One example is the restriction of the term minimally invasive follicular carcinoma to tumors with capsular invasion only. It reinforces the already established criteria for blood vessel invasion adopted by the most recent WHO classification and Armed Forces Institute of Pathology fascicle. It emphasizes the importance of the extent of blood vessel invasion and extrathyroid extension to better stratify patients for appropriate therapy. It is the first data set that requires pathologists to use the more recently recognized prognostically powerful parameters of mitotic activity and tumor necrosis. It highlights the importance of assessing nodal disease volume in predicting the risk of recurrence.The ICCR thyroid data set provides the tools to generate a report that will guide patient treatment in a more rational manner aiming to prevent the undertreatment of threatening malignancies and spare patients with indolent tumors the morbidity of unnecessary therapy. We recommend its routine use internationally for reporting thyroid carcinoma histology.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Ghossein R, Barletta JA, Bullock M, Johnson SJ, Kakudo K, Lam AK, Moonim MT, Poller DN, Tallini G, Tuttle RM, Xu B, Gill AJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Human Pathology

Year: 2021

Volume: 110

Pages: 62-72

Print publication date: 01/04/2021

Online publication date: 10/09/2020

Acceptance date: 28/08/2020

ISSN (print): 0046-8177

ISSN (electronic): 1532-8392

Publisher: W.B. Saunders

URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humpath.2020.08.009

DOI: 10.1016/j.humpath.2020.08.009

PubMed id: 32920035


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