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Hierarchical genetic structuring in the cool boreal kelp, Laminaria digitata: implications for conservation and management

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Pip MooreORCiD


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VC International Council for the Exploration of the Sea 2020. All rights reserved. Kelp are foundation species threatened by ongoing warming trends and increased harvesting pressure. This emphasizes the need to study genetic structure over various spatial scales to resolve demographic and genetic processes underpinning resilience. Here, we investigate the genetic diversity in the kelp, Laminaria digitata, in previously understudied southern (trailing-edge) and northern (range-centre) regions in the Northeastern Atlantic Ocean. There was strong hierarchical spatial structuring with significantly lower genetic variability and gene flow among southern populations. As these span the area of the Hurd’s deep Pleistocene glacial refuge, the current low variation likely reflects a fraction of previous levels that has been eroded at the species southern edge. Northern variability and private alleles also indicate contributions from cryptic northern glacial refugia. Contrary to expectations of a positive relationship between neutral genetic diversity and resilience, a previous study reported individuals from the same genetically impoverished southern populations to be better adapted to cope with thermal stress than northern individuals. This not only demonstrates that neutral genetic diversity may be a poor indicator of resilience to environmental stress but also confirms that extirpation of southern populations will result in the loss of evolved, not just potential, adaptations for resilience.

Publication metadata

Author(s): King NG, McKeown NJ, Smale DA, Bradbury S, Stamp T, Juterbock A, Egilsdottir H, Groves EA, Moore PJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: ICES Journal of Marine Science

Year: 2020

Volume: 77

Issue: 5

Pages: 1906-1913

Print publication date: 01/09/2020

Online publication date: 27/05/2020

Acceptance date: 11/03/2020

ISSN (print): 1054-3139

ISSN (electronic): 1095-9289

Publisher: Oxford University Press


DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fsaa055


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