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The administration of antisense oligonucleotide golodirsen reduces pathological regeneration in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Michela Guglieri, Professor Volker Straub

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

© 2021, The Author(s).During the last decade, multiple clinical trials for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) have focused on the induction of dystrophin expression using different strategies. Many of these trials have reported a clear increase in dystrophin protein following treatment. However, the low levels of the induced dystrophin protein have raised questions on its functionality. In our present study, using an unbiased, high-throughput digital image analysis platform, we assessed markers of regeneration and levels of dystrophin associated protein via immunofluorescent analysis of whole muscle sections in 25 DMD boys who received 48-weeks treatment with exon 53 skipping morpholino antisense oligonucleotide (PMO) golodirsen. We demonstrate that the de novo dystrophin induced by exon skipping with PMO golodirsen is capable of conferring a histological benefit in treated patients with an increase in dystrophin associated proteins at the dystrophin positive regions of the sarcolemma in post-treatment biopsies. Although 48 weeks treatment with golodirsen did not result in a significant change in the levels of fetal/developmental myosins for the entire cohort, there was a significant negative correlation between the amount of dystrophin and levels of regeneration observed in different biopsy samples. Our results provide, for the first time, evidence of functionality of induced dystrophin following successful therapeutic intervention in the human.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Scaglioni D, Catapano F, Ellis M, Torelli S, Chambers D, Feng L, Beck M, Sewry C, Monforte M, Harriman S, Koenig E, Malhotra J, Popplewell L, Guglieri M, Straub V, Mercuri E, Servais L, Phadke R, Morgan J, Muntoni F

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Acta Neuropathologica Communications

Year: 2021

Volume: 9

Issue: 1

Online publication date: 06/01/2021

Acceptance date: 13/01/2021

Date deposited: 12/03/2021

ISSN (electronic): 2051-5960

Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd

URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40478-020-01106-1

DOI: 10.1186/s40478-020-01106-1


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