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A method to include reservoir operations in catchment hydrological models using SHETRAN

Lookup NU author(s): Daryl Hughes, Dr Stephen Birkinshaw, Dr Geoffrey ParkinORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2021 The AuthorsReservoir construction and operation have significant impacts on catchment hydrology, flood risk and fluvial processes. However, few available hydrological modelling packages can simulate complex, dynamic, manually-operated reservoir control structures. We present SHETRAN-Reservoir, a physically-based spatially distributed modelling tool to simulate catchment hydrology, including reservoir operations. We also propose a method for deriving parsimonious reservoir operation rules from real-world observations. Application of SHETRAN-Reservoir to the Upper Cocker catchment in the Lake District National Park, UK, is shown to improve modelling of hydrological response. Modelling combined climate change and water resource management scenarios demonstrates the influence of operational control rules on hydrological impacts, especially during droughts. We discuss how SHETRAN-Reservoir can be applied to other reservoir-containing catchments to guide decisions concerning water resources, ecology and flood risk. We also discuss potential future software developments.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Hughes D, Birkinshaw S, Parkin G

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Environmental Modelling and Software

Year: 2021

Volume: 138

Print publication date: 01/04/2021

Online publication date: 25/01/2021

Acceptance date: 22/01/2021

Date deposited: 18/08/2023

ISSN (print): 1364-8152

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2021.104980


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