Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Perioperative management of patients with pulmonary hypertension undergoing non-cardiothoracic, non-obstetric surgery: a systematic review and expert consensus statement

Lookup NU author(s): Dr James Lordan


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


© 2021 British Journal of AnaesthesiaBackground: The risk of complications, including death, is substantially increased in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) undergoing anaesthesia for surgical procedures, especially in those with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic PH (CTEPH). Sedation also poses a risk to patients with PH. Physiological changes including tachycardia, hypotension, fluid shifts, and an increase in pulmonary vascular resistance (PH crisis) can precipitate acute right ventricular decompensation and death. Methods: A systematic literature review was performed of studies in patients with PH undergoing non-cardiac and non-obstetric surgery. The management of patients with PH requiring sedation for endoscopy was also reviewed. Using a framework of relevant clinical questions, we review the available evidence guiding operative risk, risk assessment, preoperative optimisation, and perioperative management, and identifying areas for future research. Results: Reported 30 day mortality after non-cardiac and non-obstetric surgery ranges between 2% and 18% in patients with PH undergoing elective procedures, and increases to 15–50% for emergency surgery, with complications and death usually relating to acute right ventricular failure. Risk factors for mortality include procedure-specific and patient-related factors, especially markers of PH severity (e.g. pulmonary haemodynamics, poor exercise performance, and right ventricular dysfunction). Most studies highlight the importance of individualised preoperative risk assessment and optimisation and advanced perioperative planning. Conclusions: With an increasing number of patients requiring surgery in specialist and non-specialist PH centres, a systematic, evidence-based, multidisciplinary approach is required to minimise complications. Adequate risk stratification and a tailored-individualised perioperative plan is paramount.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Price LC, Martinez G, Brame A, Pickworth T, Samaranayake C, Alexander D, Garfield B, Aw T-C, McCabe C, Mukherjee B, Harries C, Kempny A, Gatzoulis M, Marino P, Kiely DG, Condliffe R, Howard L, Davies R, Coghlan G, Schreiber BE, Lordan J, Taboada D, Gaine S, Johnson M, Church C, Kemp SV, Wong D, Curry A, Levett D, Price S, Ledot S, Reed A, Dimopoulos K, Wort SJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: British Journal of Anaesthesia

Year: 2021

Volume: 126

Issue: 4

Pages: 774-790

Print publication date: 01/04/2021

Online publication date: 18/02/2021

Acceptance date: 08/01/2021

ISSN (print): 0007-0912

ISSN (electronic): 1471-6771

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


DOI: 10.1016/j.bja.2021.01.005


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric