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Comprehensive Evaluation of the Utility of 20 Endogenous Molecules as Biomarkers of OATP1B Inhibition Compared with Rosuvastatin and Coproporphyrin I

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Shelby BarnettORCiD


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Endogenous biomarkers can be clinically relevant tools for the assessment of transporter function in vivo and corresponding drug-drug interactions (DDIs). The aim of this study was to perform systematic evaluation of plasma data obtained for 20 endogenous molecules in the same healthy subjects (n = 8–12) in the absence and presence of organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) inhibitor rifampicin (600 mg, single dose). The extent of rifampicin DDI magnitude [the ratio of the plasma concentration-time area under the curve (AUCR)], estimated fraction transported (fT), and baseline variability was compared across the biomarkers and relative to rosuvastatin and coproporphyrin I (CPI). Out of the 20 biomarkers investigated tetradecanedioate (TDA), hexadecanedioate (HDA), glycocholic acid, glycodeoxycholic acid (GDCA), taurodeoxycholic acid (TDCA), and coproporphyrin III (CPIII) showed the high AUCR (2.1–8.5) and fT (0.5–0.76) values, indicative of substantial OATP1B-mediated transport. A significant positive correlation was observed between the individual GDCA and TDCA AUCRs and the magnitude of rosuvastatin-rifampicin interaction. The CPI and CPIII AUCRs were significantly correlated, but no clear trend was established with the rosuvastatin AUCR. Moderate interindividual variability (15%–62%) in baseline exposure and AUCR was observed for TDA, HDA, and CPIII. In contrast, bile acids demonstrated high interindividual variability (69%–113%) and significant decreases in baseline plasma concentrations during the first 4 hours. This comprehensive analysis in the same individuals confirms that none of the biomarkers supersede CPI in the evaluation of OATP1B-mediated DDI risk. Monitoring of CPI and GDCA/TDCA may be beneficial for dual OATP1B/sodium-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide inhibitors with consideration of challenges associated with large inter- and intraindividual variability observed for bile acids. Benefit of monitoring combined biomarkers (CPI, one bile acid and one fatty acid) needs to be confirmed with larger data sets and against multiple OATP1B clinical probes and perpetrators. 30314992

Publication metadata

Author(s): Barnett S, Ogungbenro K, Menochet K, Shen H, Humphreys GW, Galetin A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

Year: 2019

Volume: 368

Issue: 1

Pages: 125-135

Print publication date: 18/12/2018

Online publication date: 12/10/2018

Acceptance date: 09/10/2018

ISSN (print): 0022-3565

ISSN (electronic): 1521-0103

Publisher: ASPET


DOI: 10.1124/jpet.118.253062

PubMed id: 30314992


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